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Merrill . CFTC 2018 ., UBS, Deutsche Bank HSBC , 2008 ., $46.6 ( $30 Deutsche $15 HSBC). CFTC .

2019 . UBS (Andre Flotron) $100,000 , CFTC. CFTC , 2008 . 2013 ., UBS. CFTC 2018 .

UBS . (Allan Flynn) 2018 . (US Gold and Silver Futures Markets Easy Targets) UBS Deutsche Bank (UBS and Deutsche Bank gold and silver traders). , (Mike Chan), , : , , , . UBS, , .

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London Gold Market Fixing London Silver Market Fixing, , Bank of Nova Scotia HSBC 2007-13 . Scotia Bank, HSBC, Barclays Societe Generale 2004-13 . Deutsche Bank, , UBS, .

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